Late J. R. Tarate MuktashalaSpecial School for the MRAge- 4 to 18 years
Jeevan Jyot Vocational Training Centre for the MRAge- 18 to 45 years
Child Guidance Clinic
Research UnitFor the study and evaluation of measures for fulfilment of aspirations of MR
Parents Counselling & Guidance
Jeevan Jyot VasatigrahaHostel for the MR Girls & Boys
In 1993, Jeevan Jyot Mandal started a hostel for the retarded girls. At that time, there was no other hostel for the retarded girls. Soon after, the hostel for the retarded boys was also started adjacent to the girls hostel.The homelike and congenial treatment in the hostel is pleasurable & cheerful to the inmates.The trust has been running the hostel since 1993 without any grants from government.There are presently 22 boys and 22 girls (October 2005) in the hostels. There are separate 3 storied buildings for separate residence of the boys & girls.Special consideration is given for the health of the inmates. Sprouted cereals & vegetables are provided in meals & fruits are given after meals.Medical care is given by, Dr. Mihir Suryavanshi & Dr. Manisha Suryavanshi and inmates are hospitalized in the Suryaprabha nursing home, if needed.There are dining tables, hot water for bath (a solar water heating system is in place), recreation assets (carom, playing cards, Montessori aids, television sets, cassette players and similar) in the hostels.Slide, jungle gym, swing, seesaw and similar are provided on the ground in the hostel.
The children are repeatedly told and asked to tell and write (depending on their IQ) their full name, home address &andthe school address, reading and writing simple alphabets, simple sentences, 1 to 100 numbers and simple sums.The children with fairly good IQ are taught about/to answer and write the questions on lessons, better habits, good thoughts, important festivals, simple arithmetical sums, read a clock.In the case of the trainees in the vocational training school emphasis is given on the vocational activities.The scholastic training has the 'revisional' nature so that they should not forget what they have learnt in the special school.The practical training given along with scholastic training is essential for the social integration of the MR.
There are more than 70 trainees in this unit. The inmates beyond 18 years of age are given vocational training. The IQ, liking and ability of a trainee are important considerations for deciding the nature of vocational training to be given to a trainee.Stitching, making woollen flowers for decorative garlands, simple candles, gel candles, clearing powder, soap powder, paper bags, paper envelopes are some of the activities taught to the trainees.Dressing vegetables, preparation of tea and coffee, beverages condiments, sweet and salty snacks, precautions and cleanliness form part of kitchen activities training.Embroidery work on towel, cloth and making bags, stitching falls to saris and pico work form part of tailoring teaching.
Craft teaching includes preparation of greeting cards and rakhis, painting, earthen panatis for deepavali and other seasonal items for festivals.The vocational activities help to reduce the behaviour problems of the retarded adults and improves their concentration.The craft items are sold and the trainees are given incentives for work. They receive encouragement for further work due to the appreciation of the craft items and encouragement by visitors. This increases their confidence.
The retarded children due to diversity in their IQs or restlessness or behaviour problems do not belong to a single category unlike in normal schools and hence a procedure is necessary to observe them before giving them admissions into the school.In the clinic, the children are carefully observed for their likings, mental and physical abilities, understanding, hand-eye coordination, trainability and similar. If the response by the child is good, then, the observation is over in a short period of time, else, it depends on delay(s) in response(s).A trained teacher does the observation with instructions from a social worker as necessary. The report is useful in deciding the ability group in which the individual can be given admission in the school.The trained teacher submits the observation report to the child guidance committee in which a psychologist, a trained teacher, a social worker and other experts in the committee decide the mental age and capabilities of the individual and the class where he or she belongs. This procedure is necessary for achieving apt progress of the individual.The findings are also useful to the parents for assessing the education and needs of the child.
The education of a retarded child is a joint effort by the child, the institution, the parents and the society. The parents are educated through counselling about the abilities of the child, the child's capacities, the constraints on the child's development due to paucity of intelligence and what parents can do in the development and how much they can expect from the child. If the child has any behaviour problem(s), hyper activeness, squint in the eyes or poor vision or any other developmental shortcoming, the parents are advised about the remedial measure.Advice about sexual behaviour problem and marriage is also a part of counselling.The inmates having fair IQs such as 60 and above have better abilities to work under supervision. In these cases, parents are advised and encouraged for their job placements. In such cases the social worker of the institution gives all possible help.